The historical background of the spanish civil war

This ended their attempt to split the Republicans in half in that year. Germany and Italy sent troops, tanks, and planes to aid the Nationalists. Some more conservative parts believed the removal of the monarchy was itself, the Socialists and leftist Republicans demand much wider reforms.

The new right wing government immediately over-turned all of the changes brought in by the Azana government. In December they moved upon Catalonia in the northeast, forcing the Republican armies there northward toward France.

The military were opposed to reorganisation, including an increase in regional autonomy granted by the central government, and reforms to improve efficiency were seen as a direct attack.

But by doing this it angered all those sectors in society that had the potential to fight back — the military, industrialists, land owners and the Roman Catholic Church. The way ahead for Robles became clear to many — an attack on the left wing parties of Spain. It builds on this timeline of the civil war in Barcelona.

The army declared that they would not defend the King and he fled Spain. The Carlists — supporters of Infante Carlos and his descendants — fought to promote Spanish tradition and Catholicism against the liberalism of successive Spanish governments. The Spanish were pushed back and during the following five years, occasional battles were fought between the two.

Background of the Spanish Civil War

The effectiveness of the reforms was dependent on the skill of the local governance, which was often badly lacking. He received strong moral and practical support from the fascist leaders Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. The Spanish Civil War has begun; it will continue for three years.

Over the next three years many thousands died as the two sides fought bitterly for control of Spain.

Background to the Spanish Civil War

However, a new political party was formed called the Ceda. Spain loses last American colonies, including Cuba. The Republic faced losing the support of those whose support it desperately needed — the working class.

General Franco assumed control of the military. The government of Azana, having lost support from the right, also lost support from the left.

Historical Context

Catholic schools continued to operate, but outside the state system; in further legislation banned all monks and nuns from teaching. The Republicanswho were loyal to the left -leaning and relatively urban Second Spanish Republicin an alliance of convenience with the Anarchists and Communistsfought against the Nationalistsa FalangistCarlistCatholicand largely aristocratic group led by General Francisco Franco.

The Causes of the Spanish Civil War

The new republic immediately faced a number of major problems: On one side, the Nationalist, were most Roman Catholics, important elements of the military, most landowners, and many businessmen.

Berenguer resigned and the King gave the government to Admiral Aznar. The reforms that were made alienated the land-holding right. Both wanted a more communistic state and the overthrow of capitalism. But there is no option left except fists and guns when someone offends the precepts of justice or the fatherland.

Seeking allies against the threat of Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union had embraced a Popular Front strategy, and, as a result, the Comintern directed Spanish communists to support the Republicans. The government and the Roman Catholic Church were made two separate entities.

It was caused by the calling-up of reserve troops by Prime Minister Antonio Maura to be sent as reinforcements when Spain renewed military-colonial activity in Morocco on July 9, in what is known as the Second Rif War.

Proclamation of Second Republic. When they complained he changed his policies and attempted to raise money by public loans. Street riots ensued, calling for the removal of the monarchy. The youth wing, the Federation of Young Socialists Spanish: Byit was only a matter of time before the Nationalists won.

Two distinct factors led to the uprisings: Socially and economically there is an acceptance of strict regimentation. It appalled landowners, industrialists, the organised church, and army officers.Spanish Civil War, (–39), military revolt against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements within the country.

When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on. The Spanish Civil War is of special interest as some historians are now calling it one of the most important yet overlooked events in modern history.

The Spanish Civil War Page 2 – Background In April King Alfonso XIII of Spain left the country as a result of republican candidates winning the majority of votes in Spain’s local and municipal elections. What were the causes of the Spanish Civil War?

Between and overpeople were killed in the Spanish Civil War so this cannot be considered a ‘little’ war that was overshadowed by the problems that were occurring in Europe during these years.

InSpain was a constitutional monarchy. The king was Alfonso XIII.

A Brief History of the Spanish Civil War

Background to the Spanish Civil War This chronology is an ongoing project covering the Spanish Civil War, and the events leading up to it, along with the consequences for Spain. It builds on this timeline of the civil war in Barcelona.

Oct 15,  · Watch video · Civil War Background; Outbreak of the Civil War () The Civil War in Virginia () After the Emancipation Proclamation () Toward a Union Victory () The Civil War in the United States began inafter decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ .

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The historical background of the spanish civil war
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