To improve motivation, teachers should model attitudes that they want students to adopt such as being interested in the material. Self-regulated learners must be flexible and not do tasks all at once.
It considers that people learn from one another, including such concepts as observational learning, imitation, and modeling. This will be done by increasing self-efficacy which will help individuals deal with phobic situations in the future. The first component of systematic desensitization is for a therapist to teach the individual cognitive strategies to deal with fears.
Bandura believes that phobias can be cured through cognitive mediation. Teachers should support the motivational aspects by using rewards and punishments. A social phobia often run in families and develops during childhood. Retrieved from Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia.
Treatment methods The most commonly used technique for reducing phobic reactions is systematic desensitization. Students pay more attention to skills and materials if they are personally related to their own experiences. Students must know if they complete learning tasks successfully, the outcomes they achieve are meaningful or worthy.
After implementing strategies, they monitor and adjust their progress, and finally, they use motivational strategies to keep them on task when they become frustrated or encounter difficulties.
The nature of the phobia causes the person to avoid any situation which might involve exposure to phobic stimuli. The therapist has the individual image the modeling behavior before attempting it. They then realize that nothing will happen to them, and the fear gradually extinguishes. Students should set task-specific goals which will help them invent strategies that help with achieving objectives.
Also, instruction should be designed to help students develop self-efficacy for learning. Third, enactive mastery is performing behaviors which provoke feelings of anxiety and worry. This is necessary because it helps with controlling the individuals fear, rather than it building up to were it becomes unbearable.
According to social-cognitive theory, all students should be supported in becoming self-regulated learners. To begin his therapy, the individual must be taught relaxation skills in order to decrease fear responses to a specific phobia. After the individual as reach each step of progression, the individual is desensitized to the phobia through the use of coping technique.
A phobia is an irrational fear to an object. Future research should focus on self-regulated learning and curing phobic behaviors which will increase self-efficacy. Students should be provided with models that the teacher expects them to learn.
The second component of systematic desensitization is to gradually expose the individual to the feared objects or situations.
Instruction should help students to see the learning leads to personally value and or important outcomes. Phobias may be acquired through observational learning as well. Frightening experiences set the stage for phobias and are often called social phobias.
This theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences. Once the individual has practiced their relaxation technique, the therapist will then present the individual with a picture, and help them calm down.
The therapist will begin by asking the individual to develop a fear hierarchy, listing how unpleasant the various types of exposures are. Second, covert or cognitive modeling is mostly done through visualization.
Researchers suggest social phobias may also be accompanied by depression or alcoholism. Researchers suggest that this theory is learned by observing and imitating others. For example, child who hears their parents talking about frightening experiences with bugs, heights, darkness, insects, or doctors may develop similar fears themselves.
First, overt or vicarious modeling is having the individual observe other individuals successfully modeling the behavior to be adopted. Relaxation techniques such as meditation, breathing exercises, and cognitive reappraisal are three coping strategies that will help an individual deal with phobias.
Once the individual has been taught these skills, they must use them to react or overcome situations in an established hierarchy of fears. The therapist would then present unpleasant situations like spiders in a box in another room, a box with a clear view of the spiders in the same room, touching the spiders, etc.
The individual knows that this fear is irrational, but that does not decrease the negative affect associated with the phobic object or situation.Bandura’s Social-Cognitive Theory The social-cognitive theory proposed by Albert Bandura () has become the most influential theory of learning and development.
It considers that people learn from one another, including such concepts as observational learning, imitation, and modeling.
This theory explains human behavior in terms of. Bandura Social Learning Theory posts that people learn from one another via observation, imitation and modeling.
The Social Learning Theory is a model developed by Albert Bandura that motivates us to listen carefully and pay attention in order to learn. Social learning and imitation was proposed by Miller and Dollard but rejected ideas of behaviorism related by association.
It was a theory of learning, however, that did not account for new responses or the processes of delayed and non-reinforced imitations.
Bandura widened the not yet developed. - Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory describes the process through which people acquire new info, forms of behavior, or attitudes from others firsthand or vicariously.
The likelihood of a behavior presenting itself will rely on the amount of reinforcement it receives and the value that the individual associates to it.
- This essay. Free Essay: Social Learning Theory of Albert Bandura If you've taken an introductory course in economics, you're already familiar with the policy planner's.Download