For example, anorexia may only occur in Western countries, so may be a culture-bound disorder. There is also an arbitrary cut-off point.
According to this definition they are not abnormal and should thus not receive treatment?! Given that diagnosis relies on the subjective interpretation of the therapist, their opinions may vary.
For example, 1 in 5 people in America will suffer from Depression at some point in their lifetime. For example, homosexuality was a criminal act in the UK i. An implicit social norm may be not standing too close to someone when conversing with them.
The feared object e. The medical profession uses various labels eg.
According to Freud this would create neurosis, which could be expressed in the symptoms of anxiety disorders, such as phobias and obsessions. Explanations of Abnormality Behavioral Behaviorists believe that our actions are determined largely by the experiences we have in life, rather than by underlying pathology of unconscious forces.
Now listen to this podcast. The criteria for mental illness is vague, subjective and open to misinterpretation criteria. The definition of the word abnormal is simple enough but applying this to psychology poses a complex problem: Their behavior may be incomprehensible to others or make others feel threatened or uncomfortable.
It helps us make cut — off points in terms of diagnosis. Statistical Infrequency Using this definition of abnormality, behaviour that is statistical infrequent is deemed to be abnormal. The most obvious problem with defining abnormality using social Analysis of the definitions of abnormality is that there is no universal agreement over social norms.
As you will remember from Little HansFreud also thought that early childhood experiences and the unconscious were crucial to the formation of psychological disorders.
This clearly has implications for the treatments that it will suggest. There are no universal indicators of mental illness! It works in a similar way to the DSM, but the disorders are coded e. Laing, Thomas Szasz and Franco Basaglia. The focus of this approach is on genetics, neurotransmitters, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, biochemistry etc.
If, however, the ego is weakened, then either the id or the superego, whichever is stronger, may dominate the personality. Norms are expected ways of behaving in a society according to the majority and those members of a society who do not think and behave like everyone else break these norms so are often defined as abnormal.
It is not necessarily an indication that the person is failing to function adequately. For example, it is common in Southern Europe to stand much closer to strangers than in the UK. There are a number of influences on social norms that need to be taken into account when considering the social norms definition: It is a good example of the way that diagnoses of conditions can change over time see below for more on thisas a result of changes in scientific or cultural ideas.
Behaviourists believe that all behaviour good or bad is learned through our interaction with the environment. Should the patient decide themselves? Social learning theory could play a part too. Labels and consequently treatment can be used as a form of social control and represent an abuse of power.
Examples of abnormality can take many different forms and involve different features, so that, what at first sight seem quite reasonable definitions, turns out to be quite problematical. High levels of stress may be normal in some cultures, for example in Eastern America.
For example, a man wearing a dress and high heels may be considered socially abnormal as society would not expect it, whereas this is expected of women With this definition, it is necessary to consider: This may lead to disorders such as conduct disorders in childhood and psychopathic [dangerously abnormal] behavior in adulthood.
This applies to abnormal behaviour as well, so a psychological condition is simply a learned response to a particular set of environmental stimuli. Abnormality does not always stop the person from functioning and so abnormality may be missed. For example, wearing a chicken suit in the street for a charity event would seem normal, but wearing a chicken suit for everyday activities such as shopping or going to church, it would be socially abnormal.
This requires us to decide on the characteristics we consider necessary to mental health. How can we diagnose specific mental illnesses? If someone has emigrated and their behaviour is statistically infrequent in the new culture, they may be falsely labelled as abnormal.
The basic assumptions are:Start studying Abnormal Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. According to the definition to abnormality, this description is an example of: distress.
an analysis of. Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to the members of a given society. Definitions of Abnormality. Statistical Infrequency. Under this definition of abnormality, a person's trait, thinking or behavior is classified as abnormal if it is rare or statistically unusual.
Defining The Concepts Of Normality And Abnormality Psychology Essay. Print psychological conception of abnormality and its different criteria is used to propose the definitions of normality and abnormality with key areas that should be taken into consideration when defining what is normal and what is not.
Analysis is a technique.
- Defining Abnormality All of the definitions of abnormality that we have studied, have been culturally specific, meaning that, what may possibly be classed as normal in one culture, could be classed as extremely abnormal to another.
The whole concept of abnormality is difficult to define and it comes in many forms that involve different features. Abnormal psychology is the division of psychology that studies people who are either 'abnormal' or 'atypical', compared to members of a given society.
Definitions of abnormality, including deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately, statistical infrequency and deviation from ideal mental health. Abnormal psychology is the study of people who are ‘atypical’ in society.
Since the term atypical is subjective, psychologists have come up with definitions of abnormality.Download