As a result, Paraguay suffered a demographic collapse: The export of natural resources provided the basis of most Latin American economies in the nineteenth century, which allowed for the development of wealthy elite. Latin American wars of independence Countries in Latin America by date of independence Following the model of the American and French revolutions, most of Latin America achieved its independence by Initially, the missionaries hoped to create a large body of Amerindian priests, but this did not come to be.
Religion in Latin America[ edit ] Once in the New World, religion was still a prevalent issue which had to be considered in everyday life.
Within each country, however, there were cultural and class divisions that created tension and hurt national unity. With such diversity they did not have a common ethnic identity or language and rapidly assimilated to Hispanic culture.
Las Casas claimed that the Spaniards made the natives work day and night in mines and would "test the sharpness of their blades"  on the natives.
The conquistadors brought with them many missionaries to promulgate the Catholic religion. In New Spain these grants were modeled after the tribute and corvee labor that the Mexica rulers had demanded from native communities. They were accompanied by maps of the area discussed, many of which were drawn by indigenous artists.
Allies Zapata and Villa took Mexico City in Marchbut found themselves outside of their elements in the capital and withdrew to their respective bastions.
Amerindians were taught the Roman Catholic religion and the language of Spain. Management by the Audiencia, which was expected to make executive decisions as a body, proved unwieldy. There was sea trade between Campeche and Veracruz. It was a multiethnic revolt sparked by religious issues in several communities.
Establishment of Spanish cities in the early sixteenth century[ edit ] Main article: Economy during the Habsburg era[ edit ] Main article: The ability to regulate the flow of people enabled the Spanish Crown to keep a grip on the religious purity of its overseas empire.
In the Pueblo revoltIndians in 24 settlements in New Mexico expelled the Spanish, who left for Texas, an exile lasting a decade. Francisca de Figueroa, an African-Iberian woman seeking entrance into the Americas, petitioned the Spanish Crown in in order to gain a license to sail to Cartagena.
Maderoa moderate liberal whose aim was to modernize the country while preventing a socialist revolutionlaunched an election campaign in The establishment of religious missions and military presidios on the northern frontier became the nucleus of Spanish settlement and the founding of Spanish towns.
During the European colonization of the western hemisphere, most of the native population died, mainly by disease. In what has come to be known as the Columbian exchangediseases such as smallpox and measles decimated populations with no immunity.
During the era of the conquest, in order to pay off the debts incurred by the conquistadors and their companies, the new Spanish governors awarded their men grants of native tribute and labor, known as encomiendas.
Hundreds of thousands of native codices were burned, native priests and teachers were persecuted, and the temples and statues of the old gods were torn down.
After the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire in opened up the vast territories of South America to further conquests, the Crown established an independent Viceroyalty of Peru there in Cabrillo sailed far up the coast, becoming the first European to see present day California, United States.
This allowed Carranza to assume control of the central government. These events provoked uprisings, which became the start of the Mexican Revolution. The Mexican Constitution ofstill the current constitution, was proclaimed but initially little enforced.
A key function was to gather information about navigation to make trips less risky and more efficient. In the first decades of the twentieth century, there were several military incursions into Central America and the Caribbean, mostly in defense of commercial interests, which became known as the " Banana Wars.
Finally in Villa was also assassinated. Paula de Eguiluz was a woman of African descent who was born in Santo Domingo and grew up as a slave, sometime in her youth she learned the trade of witches and was publicly known to be a sorceress. The failed efforts in Spanish America to keep together most of the initial large states that emerged from independence— Gran Colombiathe Federal Republic of Central America  and the United Provinces of South America —resulted a number of domestic and interstate conflicts, which plagued the new countries.
In short order the upper echelons of patrons and priests in the society lived off the work of the lower classes. Evangelization in New Spain[ edit ] Main article: Many of the laws were based in religious beliefs and traditions and often these laws clashed with the many other cultures throughout colonial Latin America.
These efforts were mainly successful in the region of present-day Floridawhere the city of St. In the s the United States implemented an aggressive policy to defend and expand its political and economic interests in all of Latin America, which culminated in the creation of the Pan-American Conferencethe successful completion of the Panama Canal and the United States intervention in the final Cuban war of independence.The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España [birei̯ˈnato ðe ˈnweβa esˈpaɲa]) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the billsimas.com covered a huge area that included territories in North America, Central America, Asia and billsimas.com.
The region came under control of the crowns of Spain and Portugal, which imposed both Roman Catholicism and their respective languages. Both the Spanish and the Portuguese brought African slaves to their colonies, as laborers, particularly in regions where indigenous populations who could be made to work were absent.Download